Honed: provides a flat sheen gloss. Different levels of gloss can be selected. This surface is very smooth, but often very porous. Honed floors should always be protected with Penetrating Sealer because it has wide-open pores. Honed stone colors are not as vibrant as polished stone but the positive side is that it is not slippery.

Polished: provides a glossy surface. This surface is very smooth and not porous. The reflection of polished crystals bring out the brilliant colors and grains of the natural stone. The shine comes from the natural reflection of the stone’s crystals not from a coating.

Regardless of the type of surface to be maintained, all stone should be protected with sealers.

Stone is a natural material. It should be care for with proper maintenance procedures. Once the stone is installed, it will go through a natural life cycle, precise maintenance schedules must be developed to care for your type of stone (see Our Plans).

Two main factors that should be considered when designing a maintenance program are the hardness and the absorbency of the stone. These factors will help decide which chemicals, pads, brushes, and equipment are necessary to maintain the stone.

I. Preventive Maintenance

– Protecting the interior of the stone with a Penetrating Sealer.
– Proper walks-off entrance matting.
– Understanding your stone, chemicals, and procedures.

II. Maintenance
– Wet mopping with a mopping program.
– Repairing pits and cracks with epoxy or glues.
– Prompt spill pick-ups to prevent etching and staining.
– Powder polishing to receive polished finishes.
– Reabsorbing stains with poultice powders.

III. Restoration
– Resurfacing the stone with a diamond abrasive program to remove scratches, abrasions, and traffic patterns.
– Deep cleaning of the pores of honed, flamed, or polished ground floors.